Intuition does have an important role in business
In a previous blog “The problem with relying on intuition for process improvement and decision making” I emphasized the problems with, rather than the opportunities for intuition.
One of my blog readers, Deborah Peluso, kindly pointed me to Gary Klein’s 30+ years of work on intuition with the US marines, firefighters, pilots, software trouble-shooters and business leaders. I have now read his book, ‘The Power of Intuition”1 which is an impressively substantial reference work, and very enlightening.
As Deb said in her comment to my blog: “I realized that intuition is not magical or mystical. What we call intuition is a label for our observed phenomena that is really just a function of expertise, and expertise is something that we can study, elicit, and use in our knowledge management and change work. And decision analysis has its place in helping to check our gut instincts, provided we have the time and resources to use the tools appropriately.”
This blog, together with my next two, will highlight what I have learnt from Gary Klein’s book about the role of intuition in business in general, and in process improvement and knowledge management specifically.
What is intuition and when can it be useful?
Intuition is the result of our experience (Klein refers to ‘meaningful experience’). It enables us to spot cues, recognize patterns and build mental models of potential outcomes.
Intuition supports us in spotting problems, being creative and innovative, adapting and improvising plans, and making decisions.
Taking each of these in turn:
- Our ability to spot problems depends on the nature of the problem (how quickly it develops, the level of associated risk), our level of alertness to potential problems, what might be going on around us to affect our alertness, and our level of expertise (or intuition). As with all applications of intuition, it also depends on how much attention we pay to our ‘gut feelings’: our subconscious alerting us to something being wrong before we consciously recognize it.
- As Klein points out: intuition is tied to past experience, whereas creativity is not. He suggests that an intuitive approach to creativity ‘transcends’ past experience! He suggests that teams look for opportunities in difficult situations and how to build on those as a route to creativity. So: if the goals or needs to be addressed are clear, potential opportunities (or leverage points) identified, and then connections made between the goals and the opportunities that will work with them – then this will be lead to effective innovation. Klein calls this ‘directed creativity’, and this does sound like the solution identification exercises that we conduct in Kaizen workshops.
- Whist Klein accepts the conventional use of plans (for example in project management) to coordinate the work of teams, shape our thinking, work out what’s needed, he emphasizes the importance of being able to improvise and adapt, especially when the unpredictable happens, which it invariably will!
I’ll be discussing the relevance of intuition to decision making in my next blog.
Intuition and process improvement (Lean and Six Sigma)
As I’ve discussed in my other blogs, analytical approaches are still absolutely important. But there will be limits and strengths to these approaches, just as there are barriers to and enablers for intuition.
As I’ve suggested before, there are implications for the tools taught in Lean and Six Sigma (or process improvement generally); for example in using decision matrices, or documenting procedures (and process mapping), in using metrics.
I’ll be discussing this more fully in the second blog of this series of three.
Intuition and knowledge management
What we may under-estimate is that intuition is not something that you either have or don’t have. We all have it. The key is in how we develop and use it. Gary Klein’s book contains some fascinating implications for knowledge management techniques for example ‘learning before’, ‘peer assists’, the use of experts and discussions about ‘tacit’ knowledge.
I’ll be discussing this in the third blog of this series.
- The Power of Intuition: How to Use Your Gut Feelings to Make Better Decisions at Work, by Gary Klein, Crown Business, 2004. ISBN 978-0385502894
- Elisabeth Goodman is Owner and Principal Consultant at RiverRhee Consulting, enhancing team effectiveness through process improvement, knowledge and change management. Follow the links to find out about how Elisabeth Goodman and RiverRhee Consulting can help your team to work more effectively for greater productivity and improved team morale. Read Elisabeth Goodman’s blog for more discussions on topics covered by this blog.